Top 10 Femous Place in India

Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal in Agra is one of the most iconic and famous landmarks in India. It is recognized as one of the Seven Wonders of the World and is India’s most popular tourist attraction, drawing over 3 million visitors per year.

The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum that was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as a monument to his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Its construction began in 1632 and took over 20 years to complete, using materials sourced from all over India and Asia. The Taj Mahal combines elements of Persian, Islamic, and Indian architectural styles.

This magnificent marble structure sits on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in Agra. It is symmetrically built around a large central dome surrounded by four smaller domes, with tall minarets at each corner. The exterior decorations include Arabic calligraphy, intricate marble lattice work, and floral motifs.

The interior of the Taj Mahal contains the cenotaphs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan as well as elaborate inlay work with precious and semi-precious stones. The chamber containing the cenotaphs is the main focus, featuring ornate marble screens and decorated ceilings.

The Taj Mahal complex also contains a mosque, guest house, and formal gardens lined with cypress trees. The gardens feature waterways and fountains that reflect the mausoleum’s image. The changing colors of the Taj Mahal in different lights and seasons add to its allure.

Overall, the Taj Mahal is considered the greatest architectural achievement of the Mughal Empire. Its stunning beauty and romantic story behind its construction make it a must-see for anyone visiting India. The Taj remains an iconic treasure and symbol of eternal love.

Varanas

Varanasi, also known as Banaras or Kashi, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Located on the banks of the Ganges River in Uttar Pradesh, Varanasi is considered a holy city for Hindus and one of the holiest places in India.

The city is situated along the sacred Ganges River, which Hindus believe can wash away sins and free one from the cycle of rebirth. Varanasi sees thousands of Hindu pilgrims who come to bathe in the Ganges and perform funeral rites, like cremation of their loved ones so their ashes can be spread in the river.

Varanasi is known for its ghats, which are staircase embankments leading down to the river. Some of the most famous ghats include Dasaswamedh Ghat for the Ganga Aarti ceremony and Manikarnika Ghat where cremations are conducted. The city has over 100 ghats.

Among the most prominent landmarks is the Kashi Vishwanath Temple, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines sacred to Lord Shiva. The current temple was built in 1780 by Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore after the original was destroyed. With its gold spire and statues, it remains an important place of worship.

With its ancient roots, ghats, temples, and spiritual significance, Varanasi has an atmospheric, almost magical quality that makes it one of the top places to visit in India.

Amer Fort, Jaipur

Amer Fort is a massive 16th-century fort complex located in Jaipur, Rajasthan. It combines Hindu and Mughal architectural styles, featuring palaces, temples, gardens, bastions, and mazes within its complex.

Some of the key attractions within Amer Fort include the Diwan-i-Aam, or Hall of Public Audience, the Sheesh Mahal (Palace of Mirrors), and the Sukh Niwas (Hall of Pleasure). The fort is built from red sandstone and marble and overlooks the Maota Lake.

Amer Fort appears in several films, including The Fall, Jodhaa Akbar, Bajirao Mastani, and others. It also provides panoramic views of Jaipur from its vantage point in the Aravalli Hills. Visitors can ride elephants up the steep path to the fort’s entrance, then stroll through its opulent palaces and serene gardens.

With its rich history, architecture, and cinematic presence, Amer Fort is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Jaipur and a must-see for anyone visiting Rajasthan.

Hampi

Hampi is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in east-central Karnataka, India. It was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire in the 14th century and is known for its extensive ruins of temples, forts, royal complexes, marketplaces, and other ancient monuments.

The ruins are a reminder of the magnificence of the Vijayanagara Empire, which was one of the richest and largest empires in Indian history. By 1500 CE, Hampi-Vijayanagara was the world’s second-largest medieval-era city after Beijing, with over 500,000 residents. The empire collapsed in 1565 after losing to the Deccan Sultanates at the Battle of Talikota

Today, Hampi is one of the most important archaeological sites in India. The landscape is dotted with over 1,600 surviving remains of the last great Hindu kingdom in South India that includes temples, shrines, halls, pavilions, memorial structures, water structures like tanks, gates, fortifications, defense systems, pillared halls, and market streets.

Some of the must-see attractions in Hampi include:-

·         Virupaksha Temple: A 7th-century temple dedicated to Lord Shiva that is still in use today. Its towering 160-ft high gopuram was built in 1510 AD.

·         Vitthala Temple: Famous for its iconic stone chariot and musical pillars. The huge temple complex has 56 stone pillars that emanate musical notes when struck.

·         Royal Enclosure: This fortified area contains ruins of royal palaces, temples, aquatic structures, and a stepped tank.

·         Hemakuta Hill Temples: Located on the slopes of Hemakuta hill, there are over 30 temples and ancient monuments here dating from the 9th-16th century.

·         Lotus Mahal: The beautiful lotus mahal combines Hindu and Islamic architectural styles. Its double-storied structure was an air-cooled summer palace.

 

Hampi offers a glimpse into the grandiose Vijayanagar architecture and history. It continues to fascinate visitors today with its vast landscape of ancient intriguing stone monuments. The site reflects the splendor of the Vijayanagara empire through its captivating temples and royal structures.

 

Kerala Backwaters

The Kerala Backwaters are a network of brackish lagoons, lakes, canals, and rivers spread throughout the Kerala state in southern India. This labyrinthine system has become one of India’s most popular tourist destinations, offering visitors the chance to cruise along serene waterways and observe life in the rural villages of Kerala.

The backwaters center around four main towns – Alleppey, Kumarakom, Kollam, and Kottayam. Houseboat cruises are extremely popular as they allow you to leisurely float along palm-fringed waterways, passing rice paddies, coconut groves, villages, and more. It provides an intimate look into the local culture and way of life. Many boats come equipped with bedrooms and full kitchens.

The tranquil setting and slow pace make the backwaters a relaxing retreat from the hustle and bustle oF

 India’s cities. Here you can enjoy the region’s lush greenery and tropical climate as you cruise along at your own pace. The birdlife is impressive and you may spot kingfishers, cormorants, egrets, and more. Witness locals fishing or tending to rice paddies along the shores. Most cruises also make stops at villages, temples, churches, spice gardens, or toddy shops.

Golden Temple, Amritsar

The Golden Temple, known as Harmandir Sahib, is the most important pilgrimage site in Sikhism. Located in Amritsar, India, this stunning temple features a golden facade and domes and is surrounded by holy water.

The temple was built in the 16th century and serves as the spiritual and cultural center for the Sikh religion. The Golden Temple gets its name from the gold that covers the upper floors and domes of the Gurdwara. The temple is sometimes called the Golden Gurdwara or Sri Harmandir Sahib.

Over 100,000 free meals are served daily in the Golden Temple’s langar hall to pilgrims, regardless of race, religion, or gender. The langar promotes equality and serves as an important symbol of the Sikh faith.

The Golden Temple has been the site of key events in Sikh history. In 1984 it was severely damaged during Operation Blue Star, a controversial Indian military operation. It continues to have great symbolic importance to Sikhs today.

The Golden Temple receives over 100,000 visitors daily. The spiritual site with its golden glow is a must-see destination for visitors interested in religion, architecture, history, and culture.

Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur

Mehrangarh Fort is one of the largest forts in India and an architectural marvel situated in the city of Jodhpur in the state of Rajasthan. Built in the 15th century by Rao Jodha, the fort sits 400 feet above the city, providing panoramic and picturesque views of the blue houses of Jodhpur.

Within the formidable fort walls that are up to 120 feet high and 70 feet wide, there are several lavish palaces, well-manicured gardens, museums, and Hindu and Jain temples. The fort has seven gates, which were built to protect it from enemy attacks. Some of the main attractions inside Mehrangarh include Moti Mahal, Phool Mahal, Sheesh Mahal, Daulat Khana, and the museum that houses an impressive collection of palanquins, howdahs, royal cradles, miniatures, musical instruments, costumes, furniture, and cannons.

A visit to Jodhpur is incomplete without exploring the magnificent Mehrangarh Fort. The fort’s imposing structure, the expansive views it offers, and the many palaces and museums inside make it one of the most impressive forts in India.

Khajuraho

Khajuraho is a small town in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, home to a group of stunning medieval Hindu and Jain temples that are famous for their erotic stone carvings on the exteriors. This temple complex is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site, with only about 20 temples remaining out of the original 85 built between 950-1050 CE.

The Khajuraho temples were constructed under the Chandela dynasty and feature Nagara-style architectural symbolism and figures depicting everyday life and activities. Most temples are dedicated to Hindu deities like Shiva, Vishnu, and Devi. The most famous temple is the Kandariya Mahadeva Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva. It rises to 100 feet and showcases over 800 magnificent stone sculptures.

The erotic carvings on the temples’ exteriors feature sensual poses, surasundaris (heavenly nymphs), and mythological characters. They symbolize the celebration of life, joy, and creativity. The Chandelas followed the tantric tradition, believing in spirituality through sensualism rather than renunciation. Hence, Khajuraho’s temples highlight the acceptance and embodiment of carnal desires and passions.

Beyond the temples, Khajuraho hosts a week-long famous Dance Festival every February/March showcasing classical dances of India. The sound & light show in the evenings brings the temples’ history alive. Overall, Khajuraho offers an enchanting glimpse into medieval temple architecture, sculpture, and the Indian perspective on life.

Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam, India. It was established in 1974 and covers an area of 430 sq km. Kaziranga is home to two-thirds of the world’s great one-horned rhinoceroses, as well as tigers, elephants, wild water buffaloes, and swamp deer. There are over 500 species of birds found here as well.

Kaziranga is undoubtedly one of the best-managed wildlife sanctuaries in India. The park has been divided into four ranges – the Burapahar range, Bagori range, Kohora range, and the Agaratoli range. The best time to visit is between November to April when the climate is cool and dry. During the monsoons, the Brahmaputra river floods the park and forces the animals to retreat to higher ground.

The most popular activity in Kaziranga is going on jeep or elephant safaris to spot wildlife. Safaris are conducted in the mornings and afternoons. Other activities include bird-watching tours, visiting the orchid park, and the wetlands. Accommodation options range from budget to luxury.

Kaziranga National Park is a must-visit for any wildlife enthusiast visiting India. The rhino population here has increased over the years due to stringent conservation efforts. It provides a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to view these majestic animals up close in their natural habitat.

Ranthambore National Park

Ranthambore National Park is one of India’s most renowned wildlife reserves, known for its thriving population of Bengal tigers. Set in the Sawai Madhopur district of Rajasthan, this 392 sq km park is considered one of the best places in the country to spot these majestic big cats in their natural habitat.

The park features a distinctive landscape of rocky ridges, lakes, and open grasslands, with ruins of ancient temples and forts scattered throughout the area. Taking a jeep safari through the reserve allows you to explore the diverse flora and fauna found here. Tigers are the main draw, but visitors may also spot other animals like leopards, nilgai, sloth bears, wild boar, and over 270 bird species.

The best way to try and catch a glimpse of a tiger is by booking a seat on one of the open-top jeeps that head out on safari twice a day. Drivers and guides expertly navigate the dirt tracks of the reserve in search of the park’s most famous residents. Early morning and late afternoon safaris are recommended for optimum tiger sightings.

With its rugged beauty and healthy tiger population, Ranthambore provides an exciting opportunity to observe these iconic wild cats up close in their natural habitat. It’s no wonder this national park is ranked among the top wildlife destinations in India.

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